In vitro fertilisation – Latin for fertilisation in a glass – is a method of artificial insemination. It was developed in the 1960s and 1970s by Robert Edwards, who received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery in 2019, and Patrick Steptoe. Louise Joy Brown, the first person to be conceived by IVF, was born on July 25, 1978 in Oldham, England.
During IVF, the female egg cells are fertilised by the male sperm cells ‘independently’ and without assistance, in a test tube. A prerequisite for IVF is therefore good to very good semen quality in men.
IVF/artificial insemination is used here in Linz:
The timeline for in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment in Linz:
IVF treatment begins with hormone stimulation of the woman, there are two variations: